Focus on the use of patterns, functions, modifiers, structure, misplaced and dangling modifiers as suggested by the rubrics. Prepositional phrases always begin with a preposition prepositional phrases always end with a noun or pronoun prepositional phrases never contain the subject or verb of the sentence it is helpful to identify prepositional phrases first before looking at other structures in the sentence. Here, prepositional phrases acting as adjectives tell the reader. Demonstrate the mastery of the use of prepositional phrases in writing. It is always best to put prepositional phrases with the words they modify unless you are consciously moving an adverb phrase. In this show, well explore the world of misplaced prepositional phrases, a kind of misplaced modifier.
Misplaced prepositional phrases place modifying words, phrases,and clauses as close as possible to the words they modify. Finding and using prepositional phrases finding prepositional phrases in a sentence takes practice. Remember, the subject is the part of the sentence that tells who or what did something in the sentence. Avoid placing a prepositional phrase so that it seems to modify either of two words. At the mountain pass, i saw a girl with binoculars. And the 2nd sentence is for what the sentences look like without the. Draw an arrow from the phrase to its correct location in the sentence. Remember, the subject and verb will never be found inside of a prepositional phrase.
Prepositional phrases exercises prepared by ann humes exercises. Revising sentences with misplaced prepositional phrases. Conciseness upon successful completion of this lesson, you should be able to. Because prepositional phrases are here to provide extra information about a clause.
Cross out the prepositional phrases, circle the predicates, underline the subjects, and double underline objects. Misplaced prepositional phrases worksheets learny kids. Here are some examples of the most basic prepositional phrases. In each of the following sentences, underline and label all participial phrases part, prepositional phrases prep, appositives app, and infinitive phrases inf, and rewrite any sentence to fix any misplaced modifiers. Youve probably heard the term misplaced modifier before. Then explain your answer in one sentence, underlining all prepositional phrases you use. When modifiers adjectives and adverbs are out of place, too far away from the word they modify, the sentence will be awkward or confusing. Check your answers with the interactive version of the exercise. Misplaced and dangling modifiers towson university. It normally consists of a preposition and a noun or a preposition and a pronoun remember the following rules for prepositional phrases and. Misplaced prepositional phrases place modifying words,phrases,and clauses as close as possible to the words they modify. An adjective phrase is a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun. Keep working until you trim the paragraph to 88 words. A prepositional phrase is a group of words starting with a preposition and ending with the object of the preposition, usually a noun.
Prepositions and prepositional phrases overview an important element of english sentences is the prepositional phrase. Analyze the use of prepositional phrases in the following sentences, and then on a separate slice of paper, 1. Some of the worksheets for this concept are name date misplaced and dangling m e 1, 7 misplaced and dangling modifiers, chapter 11 using modifiers correctly good well, sat essential grammar, dangling modifiers work 1, additional practice in grammar usage and mechanics, dangling. Because of this separation, the meaning of the sentence is often awkward, ridiculous, illogical, or confusing.
The common prepositions are listed in the table at the end of this article. A modifier is a word or a phrase that is used to describe another word or phrase. This handout discusses only prepositional phrases and relative. A prepositional phrase is a set phrase introduced by a preposition. Prepositional phrases a prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. Prepositional phrases english grammar today cambridge. A prepositional phrase is a group of words which begin with a preposition and end with a noun or noun equivalent which acts as its object. You may change a few words if you like, but dont change the meaning of any statements. I took a nap and dreamed about a faraway castle on my blue couch. They usually go at the end or at the beginning of sentences. Because a participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective, it must come close to the noun or pronoun that it modifies remember that present participles end in ing and past participles end in ed participles and participle phrases that do not seem to modify any word in the sentence are called dangling participles. A collection of english esl worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and english classes to teach about prepositional, phrases, prepo. The preposition works in conjunction with its object to form the prepositional phrase, as seen below. There are two main reasons why you should understand what a prepositional phrase is.
Nonessential phrases can sometimes come before the noun. The primary reason is to become a better writer and speaker because when you understand different modifying word phrases, youre able to form complex sentences. There may be one or two prepositional phrases in a sentence. Dangling prepositions never end a sentence with a preposition. Each prepositional phrase always begins with a preposition. Chapter 2 the prepositional phrase prepositional phrases add detail, description and vividness to writing. A phrase is a group of words without a subject and verb, used as one part of speech. Make sure you dont put a prepositional phrase after a noun that it doesnt modify. Learning to use prepositional phrases will help your writing come alive. A misplaced modifier can be a word, phrase, or clause that is incorrectly positioned in a sentence.
A preposition connects a noun or pronoun to another part of the sentence. The prepositional phrase here are some key facts about prepositional phrases. Prepositional phrases never contain verbs or the subject of the sentence. Language handbook worksheets additional practice in grammar, usage, and mechanics support for the language handbook in the student edition second course.
Prepositional phrases taken together, a preposition and its objectthe noun or pronoun linked to the sentenceare called a prepositional phrase. Indicate whether the sentence is correct or incorrect, according to the rules of punctuation for prepositional phrases. There are several prepositional phrases in english. These two kinds of prepositional phrases are called adverbial phrases and adjectival phrases, respectively. A preposition is a word that shows how a noun or a pronoun is related to another word in a sentence. Prepositions and prepositional phrases ryerson university. The following collection of worksheets will give your students practice in identifying and construction each of the phrases. At the minimum, a prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause, the object of the preposition. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for misplaced prepositional phrases. Prepositions are words which begin prepositional phrases a prepositional phrase is a group of words containing a preposition, a noun or pronoun object of the preposition, and any modifiers of the object a preposition sits in front of is prepositioned before its object the following words are the most commonly used prepositions. Modifiers can be adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases. Click on the picture for clear view prepositional phrases by click on image for. Place a prepositional phrase used as an adjective or as an adverb near the word it modifies. Determine whether the sentences below contain misplaced or dangling modifiers.
Locate and underline the prepositional phrases in the following sentences. Prepositions and prepositional phrases prepared for the student learning center january 2010 updated august 2010 what you need to know. Activities include marking phrases within given sentences, identifying the objects within said phrases, noting where they are. A modifier is a phrase or clause that describes something. What are prepositional phrases and why should you learn about them. T he pr eposi ti onal p hr as e recognize a prepositional phrase when you see one. A misplaced prepositional phrase often results in a sentence that is humorous if taken literally, but is grammatically incorrect nonetheless.
Module moduleid, moduletitle a participle or participial phrase generally follows the noun or pronoun it modifies. The noun or pronoun in the prepositional phrase is called object of preposition. Recognizing and correcting misplaced prepositional phrases is one of the skills tested on the sat writing section. Because of this separation, the meaning of the sentence is. The preposition connects its object to the rest of the sentence, often by indicatinglocation ordirection. Using modifiers correctly pages 295297 misplaced prepositional phrases exercise b underline the misplaced prepositional phrase in each of the following sentences. It consists of a preposition prep and its object o. Without so much as a blink, the gleaming sword was unsheathed by the warrior. That noun equivalent could be a pronoun, a gerund, a noun phrase or a noun clause. Prepositional phrases english grammar today a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage cambridge dictionary. If there are two phrases in a sentence separate them by a slash. Their meaning is often not related to the meaning of the original verb.
If you take out the preposition, you must take out the noun or. A prepositional phrase is a short phrase that begins with a preposition. Circle the 20 prepositions in the following sentences. Misplacedanddanglingmodifiers 1 misplaced and dangling modifiers a misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word or clause it modifies or describes. Misplaced modifiers may be single words, phrases, or. A prepositional phrase never, ever contains a verb.
A prepositional phrase is always related to another word in a sentence. Prepositions and prepositional phrases page 1 of 3 last updated. A misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it modifies describes. The teacher asked the boys to learn the poem by heart here the expression by heart is an example of a prepositional phrase he bought the car for a heavy price, but had to sell it at a loss.
Examples of misplaced modifiers show us how important it is to place our modifying words and phrases in the proper place. Funny misplaced modifiers grammar girl quick and dirty tips. Use prepositional phrases to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing. Most of the time, a prepositional phrase modifies a verb or a noun. Prepositional phrases contain the preposition itself, followed by its object and any modifiers. Avoiding misplaced and dangling modifiers t 2000, 1999, 1998, 1998 margaret l. A prepositional phrase is a group of words consisting of a preposition, its object, and any words that modify the object. A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject.
The following words are modifiers that are commonly misplaced. Other misplaced modifiers essential grammar skills sat. A prepositional phrase is a group of words that lacks either a verb or a subject, and that functions as a unified part of speech. The prepositional phrase prepositional phrases, independent and subordinate clauses, sentence structure ca 6th grade sentence structure 1. Refer to discovery, 320324, for additional practice.1574 1640 609 102 151 136 795 558 813 1331 224 463 826 344 254 660 206 50 527 427 1445 426 715 1428 379 1282 428 1535 295 1410 159 920 887 467 1311 471 337 1427 410